“This point is important in defining an essential aspect of early Islamic culture, the conscious attempt to relate meaningfully to the conquered word, by Islamizing forms and ideas of old.” (68-69)
I agree with Grabars claim based off the evidence visible in key Islamic relics and other pieces of artwork. Grabar was trying to convey the tendency for Muslims to adopt and build off of different accepts of the cultures they had taken over “The Dome of the Rock must have had a significance in relation to Jewish and Christian beliefs” (62). The location of the Dome of the Rock was chosen because of the relationship to Abraham. Once reason for this behavior was to associate with figures like Abraham and others from the book in order to establish the aestheticism of the new Islamic religion. To be more specific, since Abraham was considered to be Arabic in origin, by associating with Abraham and his story in the Bible then Muslims had reasons to worship and value the Rock. This is just one of many examples of Muslims adopting older ideas.
Another example of the appropriation of other cultures artistic styles would be the architecture at the Dome of the Rock that has Christian and Byzantine influences. Also inside the Dome, the majority of the mosaics on the wall have designs that refer to Byzantine royalty. These decorations are thought to demonstrate the wealth of the mosque but there are multiple theories behind them. There are also multiple inscriptions on the walls conveying the message of Islam that serve to remind all who see them the exacta purpose of the mosque.
Another theory is that the Dome on the Rock might have been created in the image of The City of Peace in Bagdad. Before the destruction of the city it represented the authority and power held by Muslims not just politically and economically.